1999 Nigerian Constitution Review

1999 Nigerian Constitution History

Brief History of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

Nigeria,since 1960,has practised 4 post- independence constitutions, including the present 1999 Nigerian Constitution, at various interval in the military interregna and the returns to democracy, the 1999 Nigerian Constitution is the latest one.

Lemme no talk too much history!


The 1999 Nigerian Constitution was the military’s departing present to the democracy guest that has come to takeover the political household in Nigeria.

It was the sequel of the Justice Niki Tobi  Committee that General Abacha had  made before he passed on. However it was actualised by the General Abdusalami Regime and it had changes bearing semblance to the 1979 Nigerian Constitution.

The 1999 Nigerian Constitution holds the rule of law-making, law implementation and law adjudication in Nigeria  on various aspects such as elections, human rights, business etc.

Purpose of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

By my observation, the 1999 Nigerian Constitution was  written,to create and maintain a united Nigeria that would not allow for divisions and that  would prevent military intervention in her new return to democracy after about 16 years of military rule after Executive President Shehu Shagari (1979-1983 administration).

Features of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

  • REVENUE ALLOCATION:The federal government shared the national revenue of virtually all “contributors”to virtually all Governments (Federal,State and Local).A U

  • NITARY POLICE:Nigeria Police is branched and from the Nigerian capital of Abuja to your village /town. From the Inspector General(Abuja)to the Commissioners of Police(State) to the Area Commander(LGA) to the Divisional Police Officer (Ward/Community/Town).LGA CREATION:The FG creates and approves LGAs of all States.RESOURCE control:The FG organizes and manages the exploration and utilization of
the States’ resources.
  • STATES AND GEO-POLITICAL ZONES: It upheld the creation of 36 States that were created by military administrations eversince 1966 to 1996. It also created 6 geo-political zones for better political administration.NATIONAL ASSEMBLY : It created a bicameral legislature (two houses: ths Nigerian Senate and the Nigerian House of Representatives) with 109 members from senatorial zones and 360 members from federal constituencies.

” In fact, what the 1999 Constitution created was a  uniform Nigeria not a united Nigeria “—–VisionBoy

Effects of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

“The 1999 Nigerian Constitution mistakenly or deliberately, emphasizes uniformity instead of unity”——VisionBoy

The Federal Government’s conservatism of the ” One Nigeria”  orientation did not realise or recognize that Nigeria as a plural society needs unity and not unifomity, both are different.
“When you say no restructuring because of ” One Nigeria” you are saying ‘One Uniform Nigeria’ when you say restructuring, you are saying ‘One United Nigeria'”——VisionBoy

Hmmmm…..
“Now tell me which one our Founding Nationalists such as Obafemi Awolowo,Nnamdi Azikiwe and Ahmadu Bello, JS Tarka, Anthony Enahoro and others  had in mind? ‘One Uniform Nigeria’? Or :”One United Nigeria”?—–VisionBoy

You cannot give the same dress/uniform to children of different schools. Uniforms,especially unfitting uniforms do not becoming fitting they usually become more  unfitting   threatening to”fall apart”.
In the long run, while uniformity will expose the differences ,unity will bridge the differences—-VisionBoy.

3 Merits of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

  1.   It served as the agreement that returned Nigeria to democracy.It promoted human rights for the first time in a long while after 15 years military rule since the 1983/84 “interruption”.The 1999 Nigerian Constitution serves as a platform for further amendments for Nigeria’s restructuring.

4 Demerits of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

  1. Excess Executive Power: It gave Executive much power than necessary. NASS and the Judiciary can’t check the Executive effectively

    Resource control debate: The 1999 Nigerian Constitution didn’t reach the resource control agreement on joint decision between the FG and states.Deficit Policing: The policing system is bureaucratic and doesn’t have enough coverage and independence as it is mainly controlled by the Federal Government.Inefficient LGA system: FG doesn’t have a transparent and suitable framework for creating LGAs and subsequently, local governments are not efficient.

Restructuring the 1999 Nigerian Constitution for a New Nigeria


I’ve been of the view that the best way to liberate Nigeria is to restructure Nigeria from the constitution so as to ” auto-correct” many problems of the Nigerian political system.

Fortunately, General Abdusalami (rtd) during one of his interviews has said that if we Nigerians didn’t find the 1999 Nigerian Constitution, that he supervised as Head of State,suitable enough why didn’t we change it?

Almost everybody is living in a different Nigeria from the one his her parent lived socially, economically or politically, and almost everybody wants a new Nigeria so why don’t we restructure the 1999 Nigerian Constitution.
The 1999 Nigerian Constitution is a system and almost all we are seeing are products and by-products of this system—–VisionBoy
Those in the system are not seeing the deficiencies as those outside the system. Many leaders you consider bad leaders are products of this same system, and many of them when they come out of power see the system differently than they did when they were in power.Yet, it is those in power who can change the system but it is only the common man who can push through for change.

There are many good leaders among those we might consider as bad politicians but they have been outnumbered by those who are controlled by the systemic deficits and deficiencies of the 199 Nigerian Constitution. They might seem silent to you or as though they are no more pro-people but it could as well be that a voice overshadowed by many voices is heard as a silent voice.

The Bible also say, “if the foundation, be destroyed what can the righteous do?”
The answer is to change the foundation that has been destroyed to a new well-built one , it is to change the 1999 Nigerian Constitution to a positively visionary one.

1999 Nigerian Constitution Review: A Case Study of Liberation from USA Black Peoples’ Emancipation


In America  (1700s-1900s) during the period of racism, discrimination and social segregation against the black people (African-Americans) many white people found themselves as participants /supporters of this system not because they hated black people but because nature and the interpersonal  life of the white man had taught these white people to hate the black people, this system has been handed down from one white generation to another as a legacy to beware of the Blackman  and to treat him differently and inferior to how a white man or any person should he treated.

From black leaders and activists such as Booker T Washington to Rev.DR Martin Luther King and Malcolm X there was a battle for the emancipation of the black man, not giving up in the face of state repercussions, the activism took on bold steps and raised Martin Luther Kings and John Lewises out of people like Rosa Parks etc.

Many American white leaders, white households, naturally didn’t hold anything against black people but found themselves maintaining the system, the status quo.But when the liberation song came in the late 1990s, they adjusted because the system has fallen like the walls of Jericho and the black people has taken their possession as the white people in their promised land of America for all Americans.

The lesson of this case study is that if Martin Luther King and the likes haven’t stood up to change the system, the system might still be active till today and mind you they changed this system by changing the laws as the system itself was made and maintained by laws.

Therefore, let us work to create a new Nigeria by restructuring the 1999 Nigerian Constitution, so that we will have the Nigeria of our dream, our dream comes from GOD ALMIGHTY IN JESUS, we all  want Nigeria to be good…..Oya dream no be for pillow only but for your hand…..let’s work towards a new Nigeria Project, restructuring the 1999 Nigeria Constitution.
Making a new constitution for Nigeria is a process but it is a constitutional reform process worth taking to rebuild positively visionary country.

“Unity means bringing people of differences on a common
standing for similar goals while uniformity means making people with differences and on different standings similar for goals they should not attain similarly”——-VisionBoy

  • ITARY POLICE:Nigeria Police is branched and from the Nigerian capital of Abuja to your village /town. From the Inspector General(Abuja)to the Commissioners of Police(State) to the Area Commander(LGA) to the Divisional Police Officer (Ward/Community/Town).LGA CREATION:The FG creates and approves LGAs of all States.RESOURCE control:The FG organizes and manages the exploration and utilization of
the States’ resources.
  • STATES AND GEO-POLITICAL ZONES: It upheld the creation of 36 States that were created by military administrations eversince 1966 to 1996. It also created 6 geo-political zones for better political administration.NATIONAL ASSEMBLY : It created a bicameral legislature (two houses: ths Nigerian Senate and the Nigerian House of Representatives) with 109 members from senatorial zones and 360 members from federal constituencies.

” In fact, what the 1999 Constitution created was a  uniform Nigeria not a united Nigeria “—–VisionBoy

Effects of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution: The Aftermath of Uniformity Instead of Unity

“The 1999 Nigerian Constitution mistakenly or deliberately, emphasizes uniformity instead of unity”——VisionBoy

The Federal Government’s conservatism of the ” One Nigeria”  orientation did not realise or recognize that Nigeria as a plural society needs unity and not unifomity, both are different.
“When you say no restructuring because of ” One Nigeria” you are saying ‘One Uniform Nigeria’ when you say restructuring, you are saying ‘One United Nigeria'”——VisionBoy

Hmmmm…..
“Now tell me which one our Founding Nationalists such as Obafemi Awolowo,Nnamdi Azikiwe and Ahmadu Bello, JS Tarka, Anthony Enahoro and others  had in mind? ‘One Uniform Nigeria’? Or :”One United Nigeria”?—–VisionBoy

You cannot give the same dress/uniform to children of different schools. Uniforms,especially unfitting uniforms do not becoming fitting they usually become more  unfitting   threatening to”fall apart”.
In the long run, while uniformity will expose the differences ,unity will bridge the differences—-VisionBoy.

3 Merits of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

  1.   It served as the agreement that returned Nigeria to democracy.It promoted human rights for the first time in a long while after 15 years military rule since the 1983/84 “interruption”.The 1999 Nigerian Constitution serves as a platform for further amendments for Nigeria’s restructuring.

4 Demerits of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution

  1. Excess Executive Power: It gave Executive much power than necessary. NASS and the Judiciary can’t check the Executive effectively

    Resource control debate: The 1999 Nigerian Constitution didn’t reach the resource control agreement on joint decision between the FG and states.Deficit Policing: The policing system is bureaucratic and doesn’t have enough coverage and independence as it is mainly controlled by the Federal Government.Inefficient LGA system: FG doesn’t have a transparent and suitable framework for creating LGAs and subsequently, local governments are not efficient.

Restructuring the 1999 Nigerian Constitution for a New Nigeria


I’ve been of the view that the best way to liberate Nigeria is to restructure Nigeria from the constitution so as to ” auto-correct” many problems of the Nigerian political system.

Fortunately, General Abdusalami (rtd) during one of his interviews has said that if we Nigerians didn’t find the 1999 Nigerian Constitution, that he supervised as Head of State,suitable enough why didn’t we change it?

Almost everybody is living in a different Nigeria from the one his her parent lived socially, economically or politically, and almost everybody wants a new Nigeria so why don’t we restructure the 1999 Nigerian Constitution.
The 1999 Nigerian Constitution is a system and almost all we are seeing are products and by-products of this system—–VisionBoy
Those in the system are not seeing the deficiencies as those outside the system. Many leaders you consider bad leaders are products of this same system, and many of them when they come out of power see the system differently than they did when they were in power.Yet, it is those in power who can change the system but it is only the common man who can push through for change.

There are many good leaders among those we might consider as bad politicians but they have been outnumbered by those who are controlled by the systemic deficits and deficiencies of the 199 Nigerian Constitution. They might seem silent to you or as though they are no more pro-people but it could as well be that a voice overshadowed by many voices is heard as a silent voice.

The Bible also say, “if the foundation, be destroyed what can the righteous do?”
The answer is to change the foundation that has been destroyed to a new well-built one , it is to change the 1999 Nigerian Constitution to a positively visionary one.

1999 Nigerian Constitution Review: A Case Study of Liberation from USA Black Peoples’ Emancipation


In America  (1700s-1900s) during the period of racism, discrimination and social segregation against the black people (African-Americans) many white people found themselves as participants /supporters of this system not because they hated black people but because nature and the interpersonal  life of the white man had taught these white people to hate the black people, this system has been handed down from one white generation to another as a legacy to beware of the Blackman  and to treat him differently and inferior to how a white man or any person should he treated.

From black leaders and activists such as Booker T Washington to Rev.DR Martin Luther King and Malcolm X there was a battle for the emancipation of the black man, not giving up in the face of state repercussions, the activism took on bold steps and raised Martin Luther Kings and John Lewises out of people like Rosa Parks etc.

Many American white leaders, white households, naturally didn’t hold anything against black people but found themselves maintaining the system, the status quo.But when the liberation song came in the late 1990s, they adjusted because the system has fallen like the walls of Jericho and the black people has taken their possession as the white people in their promised land of America for all Americans.

The lesson of this case study is that if Martin Luther King and the likes haven’t stood up to change the system, the system might still be active till today and mind you they changed this system by changing the laws as the system itself was made and maintained by laws.

Therefore, let us work to create a new Nigeria by restructuring the 1999 Nigerian Constitution, so that we will have the Nigeria of our dream, our dream comes from GOD ALMIGHTY IN JESUS, we all  want Nigeria to be good…..Oya dream no be for pillow only but for your hand…..let’s work towards a new Nigeria Project, restructuring the 1999 Nigeria Constitution.
Making a new constitution for Nigeria is a process but it is a constitutional reform process worth taking to rebuild positively visionary country.

“Unity means bringing people of differences on a common
standing for similar goals while uniformity means making people with differences and on different standings similar for goals they should not attain similarly”——-VisionBoy

1999 Nigerian Constitution Review:What You Need to Know

Article by VisionaryDemola
I am a politics blogger, a policy analyst and a political commentator.
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